Carotenoids – Phytochemical
Carotenoids are a class of phytonutrients (“plant chemicals”)
Carotenoids are plant pigments responsible for bright red, yellow and orange hues in many fruits and vegetables.
Rich in carrots, sweet potatoes, watercress, pees
There are over 1100 known naturally occurring carotenoids which are split into two classes
xanthophylls (which contain oxygen)
1.Lutein – A carotenoid vitamin. It is related to beta-carotene and vitamin A. Foods rich in lutein include broccoli, spinach, kale, corn, orange pepper, kiwi fruit, grapes, orange juice, zucchini, and squash. Lutein is absorbed best when it is taken with a high-fat meal.
2. zeaxanthin –
Lutein and zeaxanthin are the eye vitamins as they are used to prevent eye diseases as only carotenoids found in the retina.
3. beta-cryptoxanthin –
carotenes (which are purely hydrocarbons, and contain no oxygen).